Learn Japanese – The Complete Video Series (presented by becauseofdreams) - 「Learn Japanese」 Negative-ず-Form (Verb Conjugation) – How-to say “to do VERB2 without doing VERB1”

Japanese, Languages

Learn Japanese – The Complete Video Series (presented by becauseofdreams)

318 Lessons

「Learn Japanese」 Negative-ず-Form (Verb Conjugation) – How-to say “to do VERB2 without doing VERB1”

「Learn Japanese」 Negative-ず-Form (Verb Conjugation) – How-to say “to do VERB2 without doing VERB1” ( Negative-ず-Form VERB1 + に + VERB2)

In addition to having the standard Negative-ない-Form, the Japanese language also has the Negative-ず-Form.

The conjugation of verbs into their ず-Form is fairly simple, even more so if you are already familiar with the Negative-ない-Form as you simply replace the final ない with a ず.
たべる = たべない = たべず
のむ = のまない = のまず
いく = いかない = いかず
はなす = はなさない = はなさず
きく = きかない = きかず

*The two verbs する and くる express irregularity with this conjugation (as they do with numerous other conjugations) and become せず and こず respectively.

Historically, the Negative-ず-Form was just as generally used for negative forms as the Negative-ない-Form, however in modern Japanese it retains usage with only one grammar pattern: Negative-ず-Form VERB1 + に + VERB2 to mean “to do VERB2 without doing VERB1.”

This grammar pattern is essentially identical to the grammar pattern Negative ない-Form VERB1 + で + VERB2 as “to VERB2 without doing VERB1.“ It only differs in that is is considered more formal due to the ず-Form’s rather archaic status and is more commonly seen in written Japanese. However, there are certainly occasions in which it may appear in spoken language (e.g. depending on the actual statement, one might opt for ず-Form VERB + に over ない-Form VERB + で to avoid confusion with ない-Form VERB + で also serving as the grammar pattern that means “don’t do VERB.”)

When used in sentences, this grammar pattern is commonly paired with the particle に. While not doing so would not make the sentence grammatically incorrect, the presence of the particle is almost always the way this grammar pattern is used in modern Japanese and more accurately expresses the action not performed as an adverbial phrase to the action that is performed.


Kanojo wa nanimo tabezu ni kaerimashita.
“She returned home without eating anything.”

Doa ni kagi o kakezu ni ryokou shita.
“I left for a trip without locking my door.”

Ano ko wa itsumo ha o migakazu ni neru.
“That child is always going to sleep without brushing their teeth first.”

Nantonaku, benkyou sezu ni shiken ni goukaku shita.
“Somehow, I passed the test without studying.”

Watashi no koto wa ki ni sezu ni saki ni itte kudasai.
“Please go on ahead without worrying about me.”

Guzuguzu sezu ni hayaku shiro!
“Hurry up and get going without dilly-dallying!”

Similar Grammar Pattern(s):
How-to say “to VERB2 without doing VERB1” (Negative ない-Form VERB1 + で + VERB2)

✧¸¸.•*¨*• •*¨*•.¸¸✧

Interested in learning Japanese with anime?
Check out the Learning Japanese through Anime playlist to learn Japanese words and grammar with your favorite anime series:

200+ Video lessons on Japanese grammar to help anyone at any level learn Japanese from scratch!

✧¸¸.•*¨*• •*¨*•.¸¸✧


*The #01. source for the most complete and updated information on all lessons. Also includes many other invaluable resources such as downloads for scripts, importable flashcard text files, infographics, charts, and more!

Need more videos? Please consider becoming a patron to support the continuation of this video series and the development of our curriculum!

stay up to date with the newest videos as well as gain access to additional content such as articles, recommended resources, kanji lessons, Japanese Phrase and Words of the Day, vocabulary lists, and more!




Need conversation partners to practice speaking Japanese with?
Have questions that need immediate replies?


✧¸¸.•*¨*• •*¨*•.¸¸✧

This video series is presented by becauseofdreams

All media presented in this video is created and owned by becauseofdreams or is used as supplemental material to the main educational content with no malicious copyright infringement intended.

*Please leave a comment below if you notice any possible errors so that we may make proper notes and revisions for future viewers.

    Adjectival Noun Adjective (Literature Subject) Adverb (Literature Subject) adversity passive form adversity passive voice akatsuki animanga anime Attributive Verb basic japanese becauseofdreams beerus big mom boruto brook bulma Causative causative form causative voice chinese characters chopper Clause Clauses coined english words Conversion db dbs dbs anime dbz Dependent Clause (Literature Subject) desu Desu-masu-Stil Dictionary (Literary Genre) doflamingo Dragon Ball dragon ball super dragon ball z dressrosa education english final particles franky Ga gohan goku goten grammar Grammatical Conjugation (Literature Subject) Grammatical Particle (Literature Subject) Grammatical Tense ha Hatred (Quotation Subject) hiragana Hiragana (Language Writing System) hokage how to learn kanji how to read kanji how to write kanji How-to (Website Category) how-to speak japanese hurricane chronicles Intransitive Verb Intro Introduction irassharu irregular verbs iru issho ni itachi Japan Japan (Country) Japan Time Zone (Time Zone) japanese Japanese (Ethnicity) japanese causative form japanese causative voice Japanese Dictionary japanese for beginners japanese grammar japanese kanji japanese language Japanese Language (Interest) japanese lessons japanese particles japanese passive form japanese passive voice japanese phrases japanese pop culture Japanese Pronouns japanese slang japanese tutorials japanese values Japanese Verb Conjugation japanese verbs japanese video lessons japanese video tutorials japanese videos japanese writing jlpt jp k anime k project kaidou kakashi kanji kanji characters katakana Katakana (Language Writing System) Language (Quotation Subject) languages learn learn japanese learn katakana Learning (Quotation Subject) learning japanese learning katakana Lesson lessons Love (Quotation Subject) luffy manga marker masu form Music Video (TV Genre) nami Naruto naruto anime naruto shippuden ne nihongo nihongo lessons Noun (Literature Subject) Object one piece one piece anime op op anime orochimaru Osaka Passive Voice Past Tense Personal Pronoun Phrase (Literature Subject) phrases piccolo Pitch Accent plurals Politeness (Quotation Subject) predicate predicates Pronoun (Literature Subject) Question (Quotation Subject) questions return of kings rewrite robin SA sakura sanji sasuke School Sentence-final Particle shikamaru shimatta shimau shippuden singular slang speaking japanese student students Syllabary (Language Writing Type) te Teacher tokyo trafalgar law Transitive Verb trunks uchiha Uses Of English Verb Forms usopp vacation vegeta verb Verb (Literature Subject) verb conjugation Verbal Noun Volitional Form Vowel (Literature Subject) wasei wasei eigo website (industry) Word Beautifiers Word Stem write japanese writing katakana Yes And No Yes–no Question yo zoro zou い-Adjectives う-Verbs かも知れない から しまう しまった ために たり-Form て-Form + しまう です な-Adjectives なら なる にくい ほしい ます まで までに みる やすい る-Verbs 一人で 一緒に 日本語