Learn Japanese – The Complete Video Series (presented by becauseofdreams) - 「Learn Japanese」 Using ~訳だ to Express Either a Reason or Conclusion (わけ Grammar Patterns Pt. 1)

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「Learn Japanese」 Using ~訳だ to Express Either a Reason or Conclusion (わけ Grammar Patterns Pt. 1)

「Learn Japanese」 Using ~訳だ to Express Either a Reason or Conclusion (訳 Grammar Patterns Pt. 1)

訳 (わけ) MASTERPOST:
http://learnjapanese.becauseofdreams.com/2017/03/01/the-%e8%a8%b3-%e3%82%8f%e3%81%91-masterpost/

The word 訳 (わけ) variously translates to “meaning, reason, cause, conclusion derived from reasoning, judgment based on context.” (Some of these definitions could be considered the opposite of each other, which is what marks the complexity of this word and the grammar patterns that derive from it.)

Grammar Patterns that Employ 訳 (わけ):
1.) ~訳だ – “reason” or “for that reason~, as you’d expect~, that’s why~, etc.”
2.) ~という訳だ – “for that reason~, as you’d expect~, that’s why~, etc.”
3.) ~訳ではない – “it’s not like~”
4.) ~訳がない – “there’s no way that~, it can’t be that~”
5.) ~訳には行かない – “must~, must not~, cannot afford to~, impossible~”

#01. Two Meanings of 訳 (わけ) when used in simple, positive construction of ~訳だ (“reason” or “for that reason~, as you’d expect~, that’s why~, etc.”):

a.) Expressing a Reason
When used in its purest form, as a standalone word, 訳 (わけ) is often comparable to the most commonly used word for “reason,” 理由 (りゆう) and is even interchangeable with it in many cases.

Example(s):
(理由/わけ)もなく
(Riyuu/wake) mo naku
“without reason”

わけを話す
Wake o hanasu
“to state one’s reason, to tell one’s story”

どういうわけか
Douiu wake ka
“For what reason?”

b.) Expressing a Conclusion/Result (which is quite the opposite to a reason)
However, when we interpret 訳 (わけ) for its other definitions of “result, conclusion derived from reasoning, judgment based on context” instead, it can be used as such to express not so much the reason behind something but rather the result/conclusion of something else that is acting as the reason/context. (This is its much more common usage and will also be the definition we will want to interpret for the numerous more advanced grammar patterns later on.)
Common intentions behind usage of this grammar pattern are making a logical conclusion based on some established information, expressing an understanding or acknowledgement of the established information by concluding something from it, and restating the information established but from a different angle (the word つまり will often by seen alongside this usage). For this reason, this version now variously translates to “for that reason~, so as you would expect~, no wonder~, that’s why~, this means~, as a result~, based on this~, essentially~, basically~. naturally~” In short, context is very important.

Construction:
Plain-Form VERB + 訳だ
い-ADJECTIVE + 訳だ
な-ADJECTIVE + (な/だった) + 訳だ
NOUN + (な/だった) + 訳だ
*In line with 訳 (わけ) expressing a conclusion based upon contextual details, the following examples provided will each either include two sentences or a sentence with two clauses (in which the first will provide and context, or reason, for the conclusion made in the second).

Example(s):
雨が降っていた。道がぬれているわけだ。
Ame ga futte ita. Michi ga nurete iru wake da.
”It’s been raining. That’s why the road is wet.”
*Making a logical conclusion based on some established information

彼はまだ14歳なのに、大学レベルの授業を取っている。
Kare wa mada 14 sai na no ni, daigaku level no jyugyou o totte iru.
He’s taking university level courses even though he’s only 14 years old.
つまり、天才な訳か。
Tsumari tensai na wake ka.
So basically, he’s a genius.
*Expressing an understanding or acknowledgement of the established information by concluding something from it

彼女は5年間日本に住んでいました。
Kanojo wa 5 nenkan nihon ni sunde imashita.
She lived in Japan for five years before this.
あ、そうですか?つまり、日本語がとても上手なわけですね。
”Oh, is that so? So naturally, she must be really good at speaking Japanese.”
*Restating the information established but from a different angle

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